Direct electro-optic intermodulation in fibers

Sedig S. Agili, Thomas Koryu Ishii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


He-Ne laser lightwaves in an optical fiber are modulated when a section of the fiber is subjected directly to audio-frequency-modulating electric fields. The laser light emerging from the output end-face is intensity modulated, phase shifted, or modulation frequency multiplied under special conditions. We present the correlation between this observed electro-optic effect of the fiber itself and the theoretical analysis of the phenomena.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2542-2550
Number of pages9
JournalOptical Engineering
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Engineering


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