Direct observation of topological magnetic monopoles using soft x-ray vector ptychography at 10 nm resolution

Chen Ting Liao, Arjun Rana, Ezio Iacocca, Ji Zou, Minh Pham, Xingyuan Lu, Emma Elizabeth Cating Subramanian, Yuan Hung Lo, Sinead A. Ryan, Charles S. Bevis, Robert M. Karl, Andrew J. Glaid, Jeffrey Rable, Pratibha Mahale, Joel Hirst, Thomas Ostler, William Liu, Colum M.O. Leary, Young Sang Yu, Karen BustilloHendrik Ohldag, David A. Shapiro, Sadegh Yazdi, Thomas E. Mallouk, Stanley J. Osher, Henry C. Kapteyn, Vincent H. Crespi, John V. Badding, Yaroslav Tserkovnyak, Jianwei John Miao, Margaret M. Murnane

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


We developed soft x-ray vector ptychography at 10 nm spatial resolution without requiring a priori knowledge, which is then used to quantitatively image 3D magnetization vector fields of topological magnetic monopoles and their interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberJTh6A.3
JournalOptics InfoBase Conference Papers
StatePublished - 2022
EventMid-Infrared Coherent Sources, MICS 2022 - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: Mar 21 2022Mar 25 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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