Ferroelectric relaxor P(VDF-TrFE-CFE) terpolymer can generate a hysteresis-free polarization of 47 mC m2 at an electric field of 100 MVm and is attractive for many potential actuating and sensing applications. Fourier transform infrared spectra under electric field reveal that this large polarization originates from the field-induced crystalline phase transformation. The nonpolar TGT G′ chain conformation in P(VDF-TrFE-CFE) can be converted into polar trans (Tm > 4 and T3 G) conformation under high electric field and the latter can be effectively aligned to the applied field direction. Furthermore, this conformation transformation is completely reversible and no hysteresis can be observed during the switching of applied electric field. In contrast, normal ferroelectric polymer P(VDF-TrFE) exhibits square polarization loop with very small reversible polarization.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)