Disclosure of Medical Error and Truth Telling

Abhi Mehrotra, Cherri Hobgood

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Error in medicine is not an uncommon occurrence. When errors occur in the emergency department setting, physicians should anticipate patient needs and provide an adequate disclosure of the error events. This chapter discusses the ethical implications of error disclosure including patient trust, autonomy, and the duty to disclose. It also provides a structured framework for the disclosure conversation and a mnemonic (HEEAL-Honesty, Empathy, Explanation, Apology, Lessen the chance for future errors) to facilitate the practitioner's dialog with the patient as well as with other providers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEthical Problems in Emergency Medicine
Subtitle of host publicationA Discussion-Based Review
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9780470673478
StatePublished - Jun 20 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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