Disposition of salicylazosulfapyridine (Azulfidine) and metabolites in human breast milk

C. M. Berlin, S. J. Yaffe

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A nursing mother with ulcerative colitis was treated with salicylazosulfapyridine (SASP, Azulfidine). Multiple milk samples were collected over a 2-month period. Maternal plasma, saliva, urine and the nursing infant's urine were collected. All fluids were analyzed for SASP and its metabolites. Milk did not contain SASP or its 5-amino salicylate component. Sulfapyridine (SP) and its metabolites were present in milk; the SP level was fairly constant at 3-6 μg/ml. The milk/saliva ratio for SP was 0.81; the milk/plasma ratio for SP was 0.60 and 0.63. Assuming an average milk concentration of 5 μg/ml of SP, the estimated 24-hour secretion (800 cm3 milk) would be approximately 4 mg or 0.3% of maternal dose of SP in the form of SASP. The levels of SP and metabolites determined in random urine samples from the infant were 3-4 μg/ml or a 24-hour excretion of 1.2-1.6 mg (30-40% of the total dose in milk). This exposure did not seem hazardous to this infant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopmental Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1980

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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