We determined subcellular localization of GLUT-1, GLUT-3, and GLUT-5 as human monocytes differentiate into macrophages in culture, and effects of the activating agents N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Western blot analysis demonstrated progressively increased GLUT-1, rapidly decreased GLUT-3, and a delayed increase of GLUT-5 expression during differentiation. Confocal microscopy revealed that each isoform displayed a unique subcellular distribution and cell-activation response. GLUT-1 was localized primarily to the cell surface but was also detected in the perinuclear region in a pattern characteristic of recycling endosomes. GLUT-3 exhibited predominantly a distinct vesicle-like staining but was present only in monocytes. GLUT-5 was found primarily at the cell surface but was detectable intracellularly. Activation with fMLP induced similar GLUT-1 and GLUT-5 redistributions from intracellular compartments toward the cell surface. PMA elicited a similar translocation of GLUT-1, but GLUT-5 was redistributed from the plasma membrane to a distinct intracellular compartment that appeared connected to the cell surface. These results suggest specific subcellular targeting of each transporter isoform and differential regulation of their trafficking pathways in cultured macrophages.
|American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
|Published - Mar 1998
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Medicine