Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the mechanism through which stressors influence job crafting. Based on regulatory focus theory, this study explores the mediating role of work regulatory focus between the challenge-hindrance stressors and approach-avoidance job crafting and the moderating role of trait regulatory focus. Design/methodology/approach: The authors collected survey data in a northwestern city of China from 578 employees working in the finance, real estate and IT industries. Results were analyzed using Mplus 7. Findings: The results reveal that challenge stressors have a positive effect on both approach job crafting (i.e. increasing structural job resources, increasing social job resources and increasing challenging job demands) and avoidance job crafting (i.e. decreasing hindering job demands) via work promotion focus. On the other hand, hindrance stressors have a positive effect on only avoidance job crafting via work prevention focus. In addition, trait promotion focus accentuates the influence of challenge-hindrance stressors on work regulatory focus, as well as the indirect effect of challenge-hindrance stressors on approach-avoidance job crafting respectively. Trait prevention focus only weakens the influence of challenge stressors on work promotion focus. Research limitations/implications: This study unfolds how stressors relate to job crafting. However, the cross-sectional design may limit the causal inferences. Originality/value: This study provides new insight into the relationship between stressors and job crafting by explicating the motivational mechanism and boundary conditions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management