Does the use of intracardiac echocardiography during atrial fibrillation catheter ablation improve outcomes and cost? A nationwide 14-year analysis from 2001 to 2014

Ameesh Isath, Deepak Padmanabhan, Syed Waqas Haider, Gregory Siroky, Stuthi Perimbeti, Ashish Correa, C. Anwar A. Chahal, Jayaprakash Shenthar, Samuel Asirvatham, Davendra Mehta

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19 Scopus citations


Background: Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) use during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) provides real-time information to guide transseptal access, for monitoring the ablation and recognition of pericardial bleed. We describe trends of ICE use, impact on complications, and its in-hospital outcomes. Methods: The national in-patient sample database was queried from 2001 to 2014 for diagnosis of AF based on ICD-9-CM 427.31 with a catheter ablation procedure code (37.34) in the same hospitalization and its associated complications. ICE was identified using ICD-9-CM procedure code (37.28). Statistical Analysis System (SAS) was used for analysis. Results: There was an estimated total 299,152 patients who underwent AF ablation from 2001 to 2014 of which ICE was used in 46,688 (15.6%) patients. The use of ICE significantly increased from 0.08% in 2001 to 15.7% in 2014. In-hospital mortality was significantly lower in patients in whom ICE was used (0.11% vs 0.54%, p < 0.0001). Complications were 52% lower in procedures using ICE vs without ICE (HR [95%CI]; 0.48 [0.44–0.51]). The rate of cardiac complications was also lower in ICE users (3.67% vs 4.51%; p = 0.025). The use of ICE during AF ablation resulted in significantly higher cost of hospitalization ($98,436 ± 597 vs $81,300 ± 310; p < 0.0001), but this was offset by a decreased length of hospital stay (2.1 ± 0.02 vs 4 ± 0.02 days; p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The use of ICE during AF ablation has increased over the years and is associated with lower in-hospital mortality and procedural complications, shorter LOS but an increased cost of hospitalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-468
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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