Double-lined Spectroscopic Binaries in the APOGEE DR16 and DR17 Data

Marina Kounkel, Kevin R. Covey, Keivan G. Stassun, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, Jon Holtzman, Drew Chojnowski, Penélope Longa-Peña, Carlos G. Román-Zúñiga, Jesus Hernandez, Javier Serna, Carles Badenes, Nathan De Lee, Steven Majewski, Guy S. Stringfellow, Kaitlin M. Kratter, Maxwell Moe, Peter M. Frinchaboy, Rachael L. Beaton, José G. Fernández-Trincado, Suvrath MahadevanDante Minniti, Timothy C. Beers, Donald P. Schneider, Rodolfo Barba, Joel R. Brownstein, Domingo Aníbal García-Hernández, Kaike Pan, Dmitry Bizyaev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


APOGEE spectra offer ?1 km s-1 precision in the measurement of stellar radial velocities. This holds even when multiple stars are captured in the same spectrum, as happens most commonly with double-lined spectroscopic binaries (SB2s), although random line-of-sight alignments of unrelated stars can also occur. We develop a code that autonomously identifies SB2s and higher order multiples in the APOGEE spectra, resulting in 7273 candidate SB2s, 813 SB3s, and 19 SB4s. We estimate the mass ratios of binaries, and for a subset of these systems with a sufficient number of measurements we perform a complete orbital fit, confirming that most systems with periods of <10 days have circularized. Overall, we find an SB2 fraction (F SB2) ~ 3% among main-sequence dwarfs, and that there is not a significant trend in F SB2 with temperature of a star. We are also able to recover a higher F SB2 in sources with lower metallicity, however there are some observational biases. We also examine light curves from TESS to determine which of these spectroscopic binaries are also eclipsing. Such systems, particularly those that are also pre- and post-main sequence, are good candidates for a follow-up analysis to determine their masses and temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number184
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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