This nested case-control study examined relationships between MDR1, CYP2B6, and CYP3A4 variants and hepatotoxicity during antiretroviral therapy with either efavirenzor nevirapine-containing regimens. Decreased risk of hepatotoxicity was associated with MDR1 3435C→T (odds ratio, 0.254; P = .021). An interaction between MDR1 and hepatitis B surface antigen status predicted risk with 82% accuracy (P < .001).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases