Dynamic shear behavior of a needle-punched geosynthetic clay liner

Christopher J. Nye, Patric J. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


An experimental investigation of the dynamic internal shear behavior of a hydrated needle-punched geosynthetic clay liner is presented. Monotonic and cyclic displacement-controlled shear tests were conducted at a single normal stress to investigate the effects of displacement rate, displacement amplitude, number of cycles, frequency, and motion waveform on material response. Monotonic shear tests indicate that peak shear strength first increased and then decreased with increasing displacement rate. Cyclic shear tests indicate that cyclic response was primarily controlled by displacement amplitude. Excitation frequency and waveform had little effect on cyclic shear behavior or postcyclic static shear strength. Number of cycles (≥10) also had little effect on postcyclic static shear strength. Shear stress versus shear displacement diagrams displayed hysteresis loops that are broadly similar to those for natural soils with some important differences due to the presence of needle-punched reinforcement. Secant shear stiffness displayed strong reduction with increasing displacement amplitude and degradation with continued cycling. Values of damping ratio were significantly higher than those typical of natural clays at lower shear strain levels. Finally, cyclic tests with increasing displacement amplitude yielded progressively lower postcyclic static peak strengths due to greater levels of reinforcement damage. Postcyclic static residual strengths were unaffected by prior cyclic loading.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)973-983
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Environmental Science
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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