Dynamic template-based method for three-dimensional virtual-endoscopic exploration

Martin L. Brady, Krishnan Ramaswamy, Rajagopalan Srinivasan, William E. Higgins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Three-dimensional (3D) digital images arise in many radiologic imaging applications. In an application such as virtual endoscopy, interactive navigation through the 3D image data - i.e., the interactive creation of an animated sequence of views - can reveal more information than single static two-dimensional (2D) views. For this case, the 3D image acts as a `virtual environment,' representing the imaged structures, and a computer-based system can serve as a tool for navigating through the environment. But such navigation must occur at interactive speeds if it is to be practical. This demands fast volume visualization from arbitrary viewpoints. We present an inexpensive, fast, volume-rendering method that can generate a sequence of views at interactive speeds. The method is motivated by a template-based approach and the temporal-coherence concept. The method forms part of an integrated system for virtual-endoscopic exploration of 3D radiologic images. Pictorial and numerical results illustrate the effectiveness of the method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2162-2175
Number of pages14
JournalOptical Engineering
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Engineering


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