Dynamics governing a simulated mesoscale convective system with a training convective line

John M. Peters, Russ S. Schumacher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


This research investigates the dynamics of a simulated training line/adjoining stratiform (TL/AS) mesoscale convective system (MCS), with composite atmospheric fields used as initial and lateral boundary conditions for the simulation. An initial forward-propagating MCS developed within a region of elevated convective instability and low-level lifting associated with warm-air advection along the terminus of the low-level jet. The environmental conditions external to the MCS continued to provide lift, moisture, and instability to the western side of the forward-propagating MCS, and these conditions were initially responsible for backbuilding on the system's western side. Most parcels that encountered the southwestern outflow boundary were lifted insufficiently far to reach their levels of free convection (LFCs), and their LFC heights were increased by latent heating above them. These parcels continued northeastward beyond the surface outflow boundary (OFB), were gradually lifted, and initiated convection 80-100 km beyond encountering the OFB. Eventually the surface cold pool became sufficiently deep so that gradual ascent of parcels with moisture and instability over the OFB began initiating new convection close to the OFB-this drove backbuilding during the later portion of the MCS lifetime. These results disentangle the relative contributions of large-scale environmental factors and storm-scale processes on the quasi-stationary behavior of the MCS and show that both contributed to upstream backbulding at different times during the MCS life cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2643-2664
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Dynamics governing a simulated mesoscale convective system with a training convective line'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this