The NH3-catalyzed formation of colloidal silica particles from tetra-ethyl-orthosilicate (TEOS) in methanol and ethanol is studied by means of light scattering and Raman spectroscopy. We find that the growth is characterized by an incubation period after which no significant nucleation takes place. The particles have uniform, non-fractal structure and show low polydispersity. In the presence of excess water, the rate-limiting step is the hydrolysis, which is a first-order process in the orthosilicate concentration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry