Dynamics of temporal variations in phonatory flow

Michael H. Krane, Michael Barry, Timothy Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


This paper addresses the dynamic relevance of time variations of phonatory airflow, commonly neglected under the quasisteady phonatory flow assumption. In contrast to previous efforts, which relied on direct measurement of glottal impedance, this work uses spatially and temporally resolved measurements of the velocity field to estimate the unsteady and convective acceleration terms in the unsteady Bernoulli equation. Theoretical considerations suggest that phonatory flow is inherently unsteady when two related conditions apply: (1) that the unsteady and convective accelerations are commensurate, and (2) that the inertia of the glottal jet is non-negligible. Acceleration waveforms, computed from experimental data, show that unsteady and convective accelerations to be the same order of magnitude, throughout the cycle, and that the jet flow contributes significantly to the unsteady acceleration. In the middle of the cycle, however, jet inertia is negligible because the convective and unsteady accelerations nearly offset one another in the jet region. These results, consistent with previous findings treating quasisteady phonatory flow, emphasize that unsteady acceleration cannot be neglected during the final stages of the phonation cycle, during which voice sound power and spectral content are largely determined. Furthermore, glottal jet dynamics must be included in any model of phonatory airflow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)372-383
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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