The early growth response-1 (EGR-1) protein is an anti-proliferative signal for certain tumor cells and is required for apoptosis induced by stimuli that elevate intracellular Ca2+. We present evidence that EGR-1 transactivates the promoter of the p53 gene and up-regulates p53 RNA and protein levels. Inhibition of p53 function with dominant-negative p53 mutants abrogates EGR-1-dependent apoptosis. These findings establish a direct functional link between EGR-1 and the p53-mediated cell death pathway and suggest that mutant forms of p53 in tumor cells may provide resistance to the antiproliferative effects of EGR-1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology