Early nutrition and development of cardiovascular disease

Tricia L. Hart, Kristina S. Petersen, Penny M. Kris-Etherton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is caused by risk factors that can present at all ages, including early life. Healthy lifestyle practices can delay or prevent the onset of CVD risk factors. Consistent evidence demonstrates that a healthy dietary pattern in childhood prevents the early onset of CVD risk factors and lowers CVD risk in adulthood. Healthy dietary patterns are abundant in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean animal- or plant-protein foods, and limit foods and beverages higher in added sugars, saturated fat, and sodium. Meeting dietary recommendations in childhood reduces the risk of CVD risk factors including overweight/obesity, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, and elevated fasting plasma glucose, thereby decreasing CVD risk in adulthood. Health professionals should screen and monitor lifestyle behaviors, including diet, throughout childhood. Teaching children and their caregivers about implementing a heart-healthy dietary pattern early in life could benefit primordial prevention and decrease CVD risk later in life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEarly Nutrition and Long-Term Health
Subtitle of host publicationMechanisms, Consequences, and Opportunities, Second Edition
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9780128243893
ISBN (Print)9780128244050
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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