A radioimmunoassay for ornithine decarboxylase was used to study the regulation of this enzyme in rat liver. The antiserum used reacts with ornithine decarboxylase from mouse, human or rat cells. Rat liver ornithine decarboxylase enzyme activity and enzyme protein (as determined by radioimmunoassay) were measured in thioacetamide-treated rats at various times after administration of 1,3-diaminopropane. Enzyme activity declined rapidly after 1,3-diaminopropane treatment as did the amount of enzyme protein, although the disappearance of enzyme activity slightly preceded the loss of immunoreactive protein. The loss of enzyme protein after cycloheximide treatment also occurred rapidly, but was significantly slower than that seen with 1,3-diaminopropane. When 1,3-diaminopropane and cycloheximide were injected simultaneously, the rate of disappearance of enzyme activity and enzyme protein was the same as that seen with cycloheximide alone. These results show that the rapid loss in enzyme activity after 1,3-diaminopropane treatment is primarily due to a loss in enzyme protein and that protein synthesis is needed in order for 1,3-diaminopropane to exert its full effect. A macromolecular inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase that has been termed antizyme is induced in response to 1,3-diaminopropane, but our results indicate that the loss of enzyme activity is not due to the accumulation of inactive ornithine decarboxylase-antizyme complexes. It is possible that the antizyme enhances the degradation of the enzyme protein. Control experiments demonstrated that the antiserum used would have detected any inactive antizyme-ornithine decarboxylase complexes present in liver since addition of antizyme to ornithine decarboxylase in vitro did not affect the amount of ornithine decarboxylase detected in our radioimmunoassay. Anti-(ornithine decarboxylase) antibodies may be useful in the purification of antizyme since the antizyme-ornithine decarboxylase complex can be immunoprecipitated, and antizyme released from the precipitate with 0.3 M-NaCl.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology