Effect of bone coverage on acetabular implant stresses in standard and dual-mobility total hip arthroplasty constructs: A finite element model

Dallas M. Smuin, Scott M. Tucker, Shane D. Rothermel, Gregory S. Lewis, Mark Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although mechanical stress in total hip arthroplasty modular head-neck junctions is thought to contribute to the risk of trunnionosis and related metal ion disease in total hip arthroplasty, little is known about mechanical stress in the modular acetabular components. Recent retrieval analyses of dual-mobility constructs have demonstrated corrosion between liner and shell in some dual-mobility acetabular components. The objective of this study was to evaluate acetabular stress as a function of acetabular bone coverage, component modularity, and femoral head diameter. A parametric finite element model was created. The acetabulum was set at 40° of abduction and 15° of anteversion; superolateral bone loss up to 50° was modeled; and 28-mm, 32-mm, 36-mm, and 40-mm head sizes were simulated in stance phase of gait. Fixed polyethylene–bearing, monoblock and modular dual-mobility (MDM) acetabular components were evaluated. For traditional fixed-bearing components, the largest peak stress, 49.5 MPa, was observed with 50° of bone loss and a 28-mm head. The lowest peak stress, 6.3 MPa, occurred with complete bone coverage and a 36-mm head. Peak stress in the MDM construct, 25.1 MPa, concentrated in the chromium-cobalt portion of the construct. Larger head diameters are associated with decreased stress in the acetabular component when bone loss is present. An MDM construct with a stiff inner liner may decrease overall stress in the acetabular construct, but focally increased stress near the rim of uncovered acetabular components may increase the risk of metal-on-metal corrosion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-284
Number of pages5
JournalOrthopedics
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • General Medicine

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