Effect of exercise training on clot strength in patients with peripheral artery disease and intermittent claudication: An ancillary study

Karin Mauer, J. Emilio Exaire, Julie A. Stoner, Jorge F. Saucedo, Polly S. Montgomery, Andrew W. Gardner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Patients with peripheral artery disease have walking impairment, greater thrombotic risk, and are often treated with exercise training. We sought to determine the effect of a 3-month-long exercise program on clot strength among patients with peripheral artery disease and intermittent claudication. Methods: Twenty-three symptomatic peripheral artery disease patients were randomly assigned to a walking exercise program or to an attention control group who performed light resistance exercise. We investigated the effect of exercise training on clot strength and time to clot formation was assessed by thromboelastography. Results: After 3 months of exercise, clot strength (maximal amplitude) and time to clot formation (R) did not change significantly from baseline, even after improvements in claudication onset time (p < 0.01) and peak walking time (p < 0.05). Furthermore, changes in clot formation parameters were not significantly different between groups. Among the 10 individuals demonstrating a reduction in clot strength (reduced maximal amplitude), one was a smoker (10%) compared to 9 of 13 nonresponders (69%) whose maximal amplitude was unchanged or increased (p = 0.0097). Conclusion: In this ancillary study, a 12-week walking program improved ambulatory function in peripheral artery disease patients with claudication, but does not modify clot strength or time to clot formation. Larger studies are needed to confirm these hypothesis generating findings and to determine whether a different amount or type of exercise may induce a change in clotting in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSAGE Open Medicine
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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