Effect of heating mode and temperature on sintering of YAG dispersed 434L ferritic stainless steel

S. S. Panda, A. Upadhyaya, D. Agrawal

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20 Scopus citations


This study examines the effect of heating mode, sintering temperature, and varying yttria alumina garnet (YAG) addition (5 and 10wt%) on the densification and properties of ferritic (434L) stainless steel. The straight 434L stainless steel and 434L-YAG composites were sintered in a conventional and a 2.45GHz microwave furnace. The composites were sintered to solid-state as well as supersolidus sintering temperature at 1200 and 1400°C, respectively. Both 434L and 434L-YAG compacts coupled with microwaves and underwent rapid heating (∼45°C/min). This resulted in about 85% reduction in the processing time. For all compositions microwave sintering results in greater densification. As compared to conventional sintering, microwave sintered compacts exhibit a more refined microstructure, thereby, resulting in higher bulk hardness. The mechanical properties and sliding wear resistance of 434L stainless steel is shown to be sensitive both to the sintering condition as well as YAG addition and has been correlated to the effect of heating mode on the pore morphology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)966-978
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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