Effect of morphine on splanchnic blood flow

D. M. Leaman, L. Levenson, R. Zelis, R. Shiroff

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21 Scopus citations


Splanchnic blood flow was measured by the constant infusion of indocyanine green given before and after morphine 0.2 mg/kg (maximum 15 mg) intravenously in 13 patients. Splanchnic blood flow increased from 1012 ± 98 ml/min to 1200 ± 118 ml/min after the administration of morphine, a 19 per cent increase (P< 0.025). Splanchnic vascular resistance decreased from 0.094 ± 0.010 to 0.081 ± 0.010 mmHg min/ml, a 16 per cent decrease (P< 0.001). There was no significant change between baseline and post-morphine values in systemic arterial pressure (92.2 ± 3.8 and 89.0 ± 2.9 mmHg), hepatic vein wedge pressure (7.1 ± 1.0 and 7.8 ± 0.6 mmHg), or right atrial mean pressure (4.5 ± 0.6 and 4.3 ± 0.7 mmHg). This study shows that morphine induced significant splanchnic arteriolar dilatation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-571
Number of pages3
JournalBritish heart journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1978

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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