Effect of Ni and Zn substitutions for Cu in the 25 K phase of Bi-Sr-La-Cu-O superconductors

Zhiqiang Mao, Cunyi Xu, Mingliang Tian, Gaojie Xu, Yu Wang, Yuheng Zhang, Stephen M. Durbin, Shi Li, Mike Mcelfresh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We investigate the effect of Ni and Zn substitutions for Cu on the lattice parameters, phonon vibrational feature, electronic structure, as well as transport properties in Bi2Sr1.8La0.2CuOy. The experimental data show that both Xi and Zn are soluble in the Bi2Sr1.8La0.2CuOy material up to about 10% of the Cu content. In Bi2Sr1.8La0.2Cu1-xNi xOy system, the superconducting critical temperature Tc decreases linearly with Ni concentration and the rate of Tc decrease is around 2.5K/at.%. while for Bi2Sr1.8La0.2Cu1-xNi xOy system the dependence of Tc on the Zn dopant concentration deviates from a linear behavior and the Zn substitution suppresses the Tc much stronger than the Ni substitution. The comparison of the phonon vibrational feature of the apical oxygen atoms in the CuO6 octahedron between the Bi2Sr1.8La0.2Cu1-xNi xOy and Bi2Sr1.8La0.2Cu1-xNi xOy systems shows that the Zn substitution leads to a more serious structure distortion than the Ni substitution. In addition, the electronic structures of the two doped systems were compared using XPS spectrum. The results show that the Zn substitution reduces Cu oxidation level more remarkably than the Ni substitution. Some possible explanations for the stronger suppression of Tc by the Zn substitution than by the Ni substitution are provided, based on these experimental results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3383-3387
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number6 SUPPL. A
StatePublished - Jun 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of Ni and Zn substitutions for Cu in the 25 K phase of Bi-Sr-La-Cu-O superconductors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this