Effect of oxygen chemisorption on char gasification reactivity profiles obtained by thermogravimetric analysis

A. A. Lizzio, A. Piotrowski, L. R. Radovic

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The gasification reactivity of an Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal char was determined in oxygen and carbon dioxide using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Extensive tests were carried out to ensure the absence of diffusional limitations. Measurements of chemically controlled rates were verified by analysing the activation energies for reactions of the char at various conversion levels. The effect of stable carbon-oxygen complex formation on TGA reactivity profiles was investigated. For disordered carbons (e.g. coal chars) gasified in oxygen, the results showed that the observed differences between reactivity profiles obtained by TGA and those obtained by product gas analysis (e.g. non-dispersive infrared spectroscopy, i.r.) can be attributed to significant amounts of stable complex being formed during the initial stages of reaction. The fact that TGA reactivity profiles become equivalent to i.r. reactivity profiles, when corrected to account for stable complex formation, suggests that the former may not be accurate representations of the variations in intrinsic reaction rates and should be used with caution when attempting to validate proposed models of char gasification kinetics. The extent to which stable complex forms during char gasification was used to explain the observed differences in the reactivity profiles obtained for reactions of char in oxygen and carbon dioxide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1691-1695
Number of pages5
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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