Effect of the reactivity of starting alumina powder of varying crystallinity on the sintering behavior in microwave process was studied. From X-ray amorphous to highly crystalline alumina, powders were obtained by conventional heating of compacts made of the precursor amorphous powder by heating it at different temperatures from 800 to 1500 °C. These samples were then sintered in a multimode microwave field of 2.45 GHz for 10 min at 1500 °C. The microwave effect on densification of the various alumina powders was evaluated by comparing the microwave and conventional sintering data. The results show significant microwave enhancement in the densification of the samples without any pretreatment. This enhancement became less significant as the temperature of the pretreatment increased and finally diminished. Since the pretreatment at elevated temperatures made the powder more stable thermodynamically, this study indicates that the sintering enhancement of a ceramic material in microwave is a metastability-related phenomenon.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering