Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics

Adam J. Stevenson, Xin Li, Miguel A. Martinez, Julie M. Anderson, Daniel L. Suchy, Elizabeth R. Kupp, Elizabeth C. Dickey, Karl T. Mueller, Gary L. Messing

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This paper examines the influence of SiO2 doping on densification and microstructure evolution in Nd3xY 3-3xAl5O12 (Nd:YAG) ceramics. Nd:YAG powders were doped with 0.035-0.28 wt% SiO2 and vacuum sintered between 1484° and 1750°C. 29Si magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance showed that Si4+ substitutes onto tetrahedrally coordinated Al3+ sites. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy showed no grain boundary second phases for all silica levels in samples sintered at 1600°-1750°C. Coarsening was limited by a solute drag mechanism as suggested by cubic grain growth kinetics and transmission electron microscopy energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy observations of increased Nd3+ concentration near grain boundaries. Increasing SiO2 content increased both densification and grain growth rate and led to increasingly coarsening-dominated sintering trajectories. Fine-grained (<3 μm), highly transparent (>82% real in-line transmission) ceramics were produced by sintering 0.035 wt% SiO2-doped ceramics at 1750°C for 8 h. Coarse-grained (18 μm), transparent samples were obtained with 0.28 wt% SiO2-doped Nd:YAG when sintered at 1600°C for 8 h.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1380-1387
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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