Effect of the layer thickness on the efficiency enhancement in bilayer polymer light-emitting diodes

Davood Abbaszadeh, Nutifafa Y. Doumon, Gert Jan A.H. Wetzelaer, L. Jan Anton Koster, Paul W.M. Blom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

To eliminate quenching of excitons at the metallic cathode of a polymer light-emitting diode (PLED) the emitting layer is separated from the cathode by a hole-blocking layer (HBL). We investigate a wide range of single-layer and bilayer PLEDs with different thicknesses consisting of a poly[2-methoxy-5-(2′-ethylhexyloxy)-p-phenylene vinylene] (MEH-PPV) emitting layer and a 20 nm poly(9,9′-dioctylfluorene) (PFO) HBL. The highest efficiency for both single-layer and bilayer devices is achieved when the total polymer layer thickness is ∼90 nm. As a result, addition of an HBL to reduce cathode quenching is only effective when the luminescence enhancement due to microcavity effects in PLEDs is restored. The relative efficiency enhancement in bilayer devices as compared to single-layer devices varies from 283% for a 30 nm active layer to 20% for a 250 nm device.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-67
Number of pages4
JournalSynthetic Metals
Volume215
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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