Effect of the substitution of muscle actin-specific subdomain 1 and 2 residues in yeast actin on actin function

Melissa McKane, Kuo Kuang Wen, Amanda Meyer, Peter A. Rubenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Muscle and yeast actins display distinct behavioral characteristics. To better understand the allosteric interactions that regulate actin function, we created a muscle/yeast hybrid actin containing a muscle-specific outer domain (subdomains 1 and 2) and a yeast inner domain (subdomains 3 and 4). Actin with muscle subdomain 1 and the two yeast N-terminal negative charges supported viability. The four negative charge muscle N terminus in a muscle subdomain 1 background caused death, but in the same background actin with three N-terminal acidic residues (3Ac/Sub1) led to sick but viable cells. Addition of three muscle subdomain 2 residues (3Ac/Sub12) produced no further deleterious effects. These hybrid actins caused depolarized cytoskeletons, abnormal vacuoles, and mitochondrial and endocytosis defects. 3Ac/Sub1 G-actin exchanged bound εATP more slowly than wild type actin, and the exchange rate for 3Ac/Sub12 was even slower, similar to that for muscle actin. The mutant actins polymerized faster and produced less stable and shorter filaments than yeast actin, the opposite of that expected for muscle actin. Unlike wild type actin, in the absence of unbound ATP, polymerization led to ADP-F-actin, which rapidly depolymerized. Like yeast actin, the hybrid actins activated muscle myosin S1 ATPase activity only about one-eighth as well as muscle actin, despite having essentially a muscle actin-specific myosin-binding site. Finally, the hybrid actins behaved abnormally in a yeast Arp2/3-dependent polymerization assay. Our results demonstrate a unique sensitivity of yeast to actin N-terminal negative charge density. They also provide insight into the role of each domain in the control of the various functions of actin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29916-29928
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number40
StatePublished - Oct 6 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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