Effect of treatment modality on chronic opioid use in patients with T1/T2 oropharyngeal cancer

Craig A. Bollig, Jeffrey B. Jorgensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The effect of treatment modality on long-term opioid dependence in patients with oropharyngeal cancer has not been reported. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 122 patients with T1/T2 oropharyngeal cancer undergoing treatment was generated. Risk factors associated with chronic opioid use were investigated by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: The prevalence of chronic opioid use was 45.9%. On multivariate analysis, primary nonsurgical treatment (odds ratio [OR] 4.5, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.7-11.4), pretreatment opioid use (OR 14.9, 95% CI: 3.5-62.5), psychiatric disorder (OR 4.3, 95% CI: 1.03-18.5), alcohol use (OR 2.6, 95% CI: 1.03-6.5), and younger age (OR 1.1, 95% CI: 1.02-1.11) were significantly associated with chronic opioid use. Conclusion: Primary nonsurgical treatment, younger age, pretreatment opioid use, alcohol use, and psychiatric disorder were independently associated with an increased risk of chronic opioid use. Preventative strategies should be especially focused toward these patients to reduce their risk of long-term opioid use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)892-898
Number of pages7
JournalHead and Neck
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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