Effective plant virus enrichment using carbon nanotubes and microfluidics

Nestor Perea Lopez, Juan Francisco Iturralde Martinez, Chad Vosburg, Edwin George Rajotte, Cristina Rosa, Mauricio Terrones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Plant virus detection and identification in crops is a pillar for disease management, import of crop material, production of clean stock plants and basic plant virology studies. In this report, we present a platform for the enrichment and isolation of known or unknown viruses. This platform is based on carbon nanotube arrays inside a microfluidic device that can be a solution for the identification of low titer viruses from plants. Using our microfluidic devices, we achieved enrichment of two economically important viruses, the orthotospovirus, tomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (TSWV) and the potyvirus, zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV). The carbon nanotube arrays integrated in these microfluidic devices are capable of trapping viruses discriminated by their size; the virus rich arrays can be then analyzed by common downstream techniques including immunoassays, PCR, HTS and electron microscopy. This procedure offers a simple to operate and portable sample preparation device capable of trapping viruses from raw plant extracts while reducing the host contamination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114905
JournalJournal of Virological Methods
Volume326
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology

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