Effectiveness of an essay writing strategy for post-secondary students with developmental disabilities

Suzanne Woods-Groves, William J. Therrien, Youjia Hua, Jo M. Hendrickson, Julia W. Shaw, Charles A. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This study examined the effectiveness of the ANSWER Strategy (Hughes, Schumaker, & Deshler, 2005) in improving the essay composition skills of post-secondary students with developmental disabilities. The six-step strategy incorporated analyzing essay prompts, creating an outline, generating an essay response, and reviewing the answer. The students (N = 16) were assigned via a stratified random sample method to treatment or control groups. A pre- and post-test design was employed and the results were evaluated using a strategy scoring rubric. Statistically significant differences were found between the post-tests in favor of the treatment group related to their knowledge of the ANSWER strategy and the use of the strategy steps. Overall, the results indicated that the ANSWER strategy holds promise as an effective writing intervention for individuals with developmental disabilities in post-secondary settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-222
Number of pages13
JournalEducation and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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