Effects of a memory strategy on second-graders' performance and self-efficacy

Pamela J. Gaskill, P. Karen Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


This study investigated the mediating effects of learning a memory strategy on second-graders' performance of a memory task and their self-efficacy for the task. Specifically, second graders were taught a strategy for organizing words into categories to increase their ability to remember lists of words. Their predictions of how many words they would subsequently remember were taken as a measure of self-efficacy for the task. The trained students not only outperformed their untrained counterparts on the memory task, but also predicted higher levels of future performance, indicating that their efficacy for the task had increased. Quantitative data were collected to measure students' predictions and performance, while qualitative data provided insight into students' strategy use and ability to articulate their actions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-49
Number of pages23
JournalContemporary Educational Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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