Effects of Al:Si and (Al + Na):Si ratios on the properties of the international simple glass, part I: Physical properties

Joelle T. Reiser, Xiaonan Lu, Benjamin Parruzot, Hongshen Liu, Tamilarasan Subramani, Huseyin Kaya, Ryan M. Kissinger, Jarrod V. Crum, Joseph V. Ryan, Alexandra Navrotsky, Seong H. Kim, John D. Vienna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Understanding composition-structure-property relationships of high-alumina nuclear waste glasses are important for vitrification of nuclear waste at the Hanford Site. Two series of glasses were designed, one with varying Al:Si ratios and the other with (Al + Na):Si ratios based on the international simple glass (ISG, a simplified nuclear waste model glass), with Al2O3 ranging from 0 to 23 mol% (0 to 32 wt%). The glasses were synthesized and characterized using electron probe microanalysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, small angle X-ray scattering, high-temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry, and infrared spectroscopy. Glasses were crystal free, and the lowest Na2O and Al2O3 glass formed an immiscible glass phase. Evolution of various properties—glass-transition temperature, percentage of 4-coordinated B, enthalpy of glass formation—and infrared spectroscopy results indicate that structural effects differ based on the glass series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-182
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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