Effects of Chronic Burden Across Multiple Domains and Experiences of Daily Stressors on Negative Affect

Kimberly G. Lockwood, Luke Peddie, Alexandra D. Crosswell, Benjamin A. Hives, Natalie Slopen, David M. Almeida, Eli Puterman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Exposure to chronic psychological stress across multiple life domains (multi-domain chronic burden) is associated with poor health. This may be because multi-domain chronic burden influences daily-level emotional processes, though this hypothesis has not been thoroughly tested. Purpose: The current study tested whether (a) multi-domain chronic burden is associated with greater exposure to daily stressors and (b) multi-domain chronic burden compounds negative affect on days with stressors compared to stressor-free days. Methods: The MIDUS Study (Wave II) and the National Study of Daily Experiences sub-study were conducted from 2004 to 2006 (N = 2,022). Participants reported on eight life domains of psychological stress used to create a multi-domain chronic burden summary score. For eight consecutive days, participants reported the daily occurrence of stressful events and daily negative affect. Results: Participants with greater multi-domain chronic burden were significantly more likely to report daily stressors. There was also a significant interaction between multi-domain chronic burden and daily stressors on negative affect: participants with higher multi-domain chronic burden had greater negative affect on stressor days than stressor-free days compared to those with lower multi-domain chronic burden. Conclusion: Participants with higher multi-domain chronic burden were more likely to report daily stressors and there was a compounding effect of multi-domain chronic burden and daily stressors on negative affect. These results suggest that experiencing a greater amount of psychological stress across multiple life domains may make daily stressors more toxic for daily affect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1056-1067
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume56
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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