Effects of Correlated and Uncorrelated Gamma Rays on Neutron Multiplicity Counting

Christian C. Cowles, Richard S. Behling, George R. Imel, Richard T. Kouzes, Azaree T. Lintereur, Sean M. Robinson, Edward R. Siciliano, Sean C. Stave

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Neutron multiplicity counting relies on time correlation between neutron signals to assay the fissile mass, (α,n) to spontaneous fission neutron ratio, and neutron self-multiplication of samples. Gamma-ray sensitive neutron multiplicity counters may misidentify gamma rays as neutrons and therefore miscalculate sample characteristics. Time correlated and uncorrelated gamma-ray-like signals were added into gamma-ray free neutron multiplicity counter data to examine the effects of gamma-ray signals being misidentified as neutron signals on assays. Multiplicity counter measurements with and without gamma-ray-like signals were compared to determine the assay error associated with gamma-ray-like signals at various gamma-ray and neutron rates. Correlated and uncorrelated gamma-ray signals each produced consistent but different measurement errors. Correlated gamma-ray signals most strongly led to fissile mass overestimates, whereas uncorrelated gamma-ray signals most strongly lead to (α,n) neutron overestimates. Accounting for the effects of gamma rays on gamma-ray sensitive neutron multiplicity counters may allow these effects to be compensated for, thus mitigating the assay error associated with misidentified gamma rays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7867089
Pages (from-to)1865-1870
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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