Effects of defaunation on in situ dry matter and nitrogen disappearance in steers and growth of lambs.

P. Ankrah, S. C. Loerch, K. A. Kampman, B. A. Dehority

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17 Scopus citations


Trials were conducted to determine effects of defaunation procedures on protozoal concentrations and in situ nutrient disappearance in steers and to determine effects of defaunation and supplemental protein source on performance of lambs. Four ruminally cannulated steers were isolated from other ruminants and fed a dehydrated alfalfa-cracked corn diet for three periods with four replicates (steers) per period. Treatments were as follows: 1) control (no defaunation), 2) dosing fasted steers for two consecutive days with 40 g dioctyl sulfosuccinate (DSS) and 3) daily feeding of 40 g DSS to defaunated, nonfasted steers. Ten days post-dosing with DSS (treatment 2), three steers were free of protozoa but one steer still had a ruminal concentration of .6 x 10(4) protozoa/ml. Compared to steers prior to defaunation, treating steers for 2 d with DSS decreased (P less than .05) both in situ soybean meal (SBM) N disappearance at 3, 6 and 9 h of incubation and in situ orchardgrass DM disappearance at 24 h of incubation. Feeding 40 g of DSS daily for 10 d was not successful in maintaining the rumen free of protozoa. Thirty crossbred Targhee lambs (avg wt, 25 kg) were defaunated with DSS and allotted by BW and sex to five treatments: 1) defaunated, fish meal supplemented at 9.5% dietary CP (FM-9.5% CP), 2) defaunated, SBM-9.5% CP, 3) refaunated, FM-9.5% CP, 4) refaunated, SBM-9.5% CP and 5) refaunated SBM-12% CP. Defaunated lambs remained free of protozoa during the 56-d performance trial that was initiated 24 d after the defaunation procedure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3330-3336
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of animal science
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1990

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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