Study abjective - Previous experiments from our group have shown that left anterior descending coronary occlusion in the presence of hypotension caused by intravenous glyceryl trinitrate in an open chest canine model caused endocardial flow to fall in myocardium supplied by a stenosed circumflex coronary artery. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of hypotension in a similar open chest model but without the vasodilating effect of glyceryl trinitrate on coronary vessels.Design - Blood flow to and function of remote myocardium supplied by a stenosed circumflex coronary artery [gradient 27(SEM 3) mm Hg] was determined in anaesthetised dogs after haemorrhage induced hypotension [mean aortic pressure 70(3) mm Hg] and after left anterior descending coronary occlusion. Transmural blood flow was measured using microspheres and myocardial wall thickness with sonomicrometer crystals.Subjects - 11 healthy mongrel dogs were used, weight 25 kg (range 19-33).Measurements and main results - Haemorrhage induced hypotension in the setting of a circumflex stenosis reduced endocardial blood flow to the posterior myocardial bed from 0.84(0.14) to 0.57(0.07) ml·min-1·g-1 but did not alter percent myocardial thickening. When the left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded in the presence of the circumflex stenosis and haemorrhage induced hypotension, there was no further decrease in endocardial blood flow to or thickening of the posterior myocardial bed, despite a reduction in mean coronary artery pressure from 54(3) to 43(3) mm Hg.Conclusions - These findings are in contrast to our previous findings where hypotension was induced by glyceryl trinitrate. Remote myocardial ischaemia appears to be attenuated in this two vessel stenosis-occlusion model in which hypotension is produced by haemorrhage.
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