Effects of in-cylinder catalysts on combustion and emissions of a D.I. Diesel engine fueled on neat methanol

William L. Mitchell, Thomas Litzinger, Wonnam Lee

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The effects of platinum and palladium catalysts on the enhancement of methanol combustion were investigated in a high pressure flow reactor and in a single-cylinder, D.I. Diesel engine. Initial studies were carried out in the flow reactor to determine the effect of catalyst temperature and equivalence ratio on the products of methanol combustion. Afterwards, Diesel engine studies were performed with in-cylinder catalysts applied to the exhaust valves in order to maintain high catalyst temperature required for high reactivity. Comparisons were based on performance, combustion characteristics, and emissions. Results of the flow reactor studies show that the catalytic ignition temperature, found to be 570 K, did not vary significantly with equivalence ratio. The Diesel engine experiments revealed that a decrease in glow plug temperature of 400 K was achievable while providing better performance and reduced emissions, including aldehydes, compared to the non-catalytic case.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 1 1992
EventInternational Congress and Exposition - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: Feb 24 1992Feb 28 1992


OtherInternational Congress and Exposition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDetroit, MI

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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