Effects of incarceration

Lila Kazemian, Allyson Walker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations


This chapter offers an overview of research findings relating to the impact of incarceration on subsequent offending and other risk factors. It examines the empirical evidence on the impact of incarceration on aggregate crime rates, followed by a discussion of the effect of imprisonment on subsequent reoffending. The chapter then explores the link between incarceration and risk factors extending beyond behavioral outcomes, including psychological well-being and mental health issues as well as housing and employment outcomes. The collateral consequences of imprisonment on the families of prisoners are also discussed. These include the impact of incarceration on family ties, family housing, and income and the potentially adverse effects on the children of prisoners. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the imprisonment–desistance link and the methodological intricacies pertinent to the study of this relationship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9780190201371
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences


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