Effects of nanosize MgO additions to bulk Bi2.1Sr1.7 CaCu2Ox

W. Wei, J. Schwartz, K. C. Goretta, U. Balachandran, A. Bhargava

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Nanosize MgO particles were added to Bi2.1Sr1.7CaCu2Ox (Bi-2212) powder in various molar fractions. Bulk samples were made from the MgO/Bi-2212 and heat treated by partial-melt processing. Scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectra were used to study the phases present in the samples. The effects of the MgO additions on the flux pinning behavior as a function of magnetic field and temperature were investigated by magnetization hysteresis measurements obtained with a SQUID magnetometer and a 33 T vibrating sample magnetometer. It was found that the nanosize MgO addition did not affect Tc of Bi-2212, while significantly expanding the magnetization hysteresis loops and increasing the irreversibility field. X-ray and SEM analysis suggested that MgO is inert with respect to Bi-2212.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-288
Number of pages10
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Apr 1 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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