The properties of precipitated materials are highly dependent upon the complex ionic equilibria of the species in the solutions used for precipitation. Concentration, temperature, and pH dictate the complex species present within aqueous systems, and therefore affect the final precipitate properties. This paper discusses the effect of pH on the properties of PbTiO3 precursor powders prepared by adding stoichiometric mixtures of TiCI4 and Pb(NO3)2, in aqueous solution, to NH4OH solutions. Several powders were prepared between pH 8.00 and 10.50. The pH does not affect the amorphous structure, but does have a pronounced effect upon the specific surface area and growth mechanisms of the precipitates. Since previous studies indicated that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) affects the hydroxylation of the precipitated powders, the effect of (H2O2) concentration on the precipitate properties was also studied. Several precipitates were prepared from solutions containing (H2O2): PbTiO3 ratios between 0:1 and 6:1. When (H2O2) was not added to the solutions used for precipitation, atmospheric CO2 dissolved in solution caused precipitation of carbonate species. Thus, addition of the (H2O2) to the solutions inhibited precipitation of the carbonates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering