Effects of temperature on in vitro penetration of human sperm into bovine cervical mucus

P. G. Stumpf, F. Garry, Thomas Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


A standardized bovine cervical mucus preparation was used to test the hypothesis that the penetration of human sperm into cervical mucus is a temperature-dependent process. Cervical mucus penetration (CMP) was tested in vitro at several incubation temperatures around 'room' temperature. Semen specimens were also exposed to cold (0 C) for various periods of time and then tested for CMP at 37 C incubation. We found that incubation at 37 C produced optimal sperm-mucus penetration. Minor fluctuations in ambient laboratory temperature, such as may occur during a workday or between seasons, produced significant variations in CMP results and precluded the comparison of test results longitudinally over time. Prior exposure of normal semen specimens to 0 C for as long as 45 minutes, such as might occur in transport, did not reduce CMP significantly if incubation was performed at 37 C. We conclude that 37 C is the optimal incubation temperature for CMP testing and that if temperature is controlled, CMP is sufficiently simple and reproducible for routine use in physicians' offices and clinical laboratories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-836
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 1 1984

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of temperature on in vitro penetration of human sperm into bovine cervical mucus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this