Effects of vehicle weight and true versus indicated airspeed on BVI noise during steady descending flight

James H. Stephenson, Eric Greenwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Blade-vortex interaction noise measurements are analyzed for an AS350B helicopter operated at 7000 ft elevation above sea level. Blade-vortex interaction (BVI) noise from four, 6 degree descent conditions are investigated with descents flown at 80 knot true and indicated airspeed, as well as 4400 and 391S pound take-off weights. BVI noise is extracted from the acquired acoustic signals by way of a previously developed time-frequency analysis technique. The BVI extraction technique is shown to provide a better localization of BVI noise, compared to the standard Fourier transform integration method. Using this technique, it was discovered that large changes in BVI noise amplitude occurred due to changes in vehicle gross weight. Changes in BVI noise amplitude were too large to be due solely to changes in the vortex strength caused by varying vehicle weight. Instead, it is suggested that vehicle weight modifies the tip-path-plane angle of attack, as well as induced inflow, resulting in large variations of BVI noise. It was also shown that defining flight conditions by true airspeed, rather than indicated airspeed, provides more consistent BVI noise signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-56
Number of pages10
JournalAnnual Forum Proceedings - AHS International
Issue numberJanuary
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of vehicle weight and true versus indicated airspeed on BVI noise during steady descending flight'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this