Efficiency of MIMO configuration and adaptive optics corrections in free space optical fading channels

Zeinab Hajjarian, Mohsen Kavehrad, Jarir Fadlullah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Free Space Optical (FSO) communications is the only practical candidate for realizing universal network coverage between ground and airborne nodes, satellites, and even moon and other nearby planets. When atmosphere (be it the earth or Mars) is a part of the optical channel, attributes of scattering and turbulence bring about amplitude attenuation, and scintillation, as well as beam wander and phase aberrations at the receiving aperture. Phase screens are usually used in order to simulate the atmospheric fading channel and phase fluctuations. In this paper, different methods of generating phase screens are compared based on their accuracy and computational complexity, as in most computer simulations, a large ensemble of phase screens are required for averaging purposes. To combat the focal plane intensity fading, caused by amplitude and phase variations in the received wave-front, it is possible to replace the Single Input-Single Output (SISO) communications system with its Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) equivalent, which has the same total transmit power and receiving aperture area. Another alternative is to equip the receiver with a state of the art Adaptive Optics (AO) correction system. Using average Bit Error Rate (BER), as a performance metric, effectiveness of these two approaches are compared and it is shown that while a MIMO configuration outperforms a basic AO system capable of only tilt corrections, an ideal AO system, which is able to remove higher orders of Zernike modes can asymptotically perform as well as an equivalent MIMO configuration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBroadband Access Communication Technologies IV
StatePublished - 2010
EventBroadband Access Communication Technologies IV - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 27 2010Jan 28 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherBroadband Access Communication Technologies IV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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