Efficient Estimation for Models With Nonlinear Heteroscedasticity

Zhanxiong Xu, Zhibiao Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We study efficient estimation for models with nonlinear heteroscedasticity. In two-step quantile regression for heteroscedastic models, motivated by several undesirable issues caused by the preliminary estimator, we propose an efficient estimator by constrainedly weighting information across quantiles. When the weights are optimally chosen under certain constraints, the new estimator can simultaneously eliminate the effect of preliminary estimator as well as achieve good estimation efficiency. When compared to the Cramér-Rao lower bound, the relative efficiency loss of the new estimator has a conservative upper bound, regardless of the model design structure. The upper bound is close to zero for practical situations. In particular, the new estimator can asymptotically achieve the optimal Cramér-Rao lower bound if the noise has either a symmetric density or the asymmetric Laplace density. Monte Carlo studies show that the proposed method has substantial efficiency gain over existing ones. In an empirical application to GDP and inflation rate modeling, the proposed method has better prediction performance than existing methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1498-1508
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Business and Economic Statistics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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