We report a high-yield route to two-dimensional arrays (<400×400 μm2) of aligned C49Nx (x≤1) nanofibers (<100 nm o.d.; <60 μm length), by pyrolyzing mixtures of ferrocene and melamine at 950-1050 °C under an Ar flow. The fibers exhibit unusual interlinked stacked-cone morphologies, ascribed to the presence of nitrogen. High-resolution electron energy-loss spectroscopy of the individual fibers reveals a 2% nitrogen content with ionization energies mainly at ∼400.9 eV, corresponding to N bonded to three C atoms within a hexagonal framework. The nanofibers may be useful for the economic fabrication of field emission sources and robust composites.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)