Control of magnetic permeability through electric field in magnetoelectric materials promises to create novel voltage tunable inductors (VTIs). VTIs synthesized using co-fired ceramic processing exhibit many advantages over traditional epoxy bonding method, but the internal residual stress in co-fired VTIs resulting from thermal expansion mismatch hinders a full exploitation of the tunability of permeability. To find the optimal condition for high tunability of co-fired VTIs, domain-level phase field modeling and computer simulation are employed to study co-fired magnetoelectric composites comprising NiZn ferrite and PZT. Two key factors important toward increasing the inductor tunability are systematically investigated: intrinsic magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the ferrite material and internal residual stress caused by the co-firing process. The simulations indicate that in order to achieve a large tunability, the tuned permeability should be confined within the linear region of the reciprocal of susceptibility and stress. Additionally, both magnetocrystalline anisotropy and residual stress should be as small as possible. These results provide a design strategy for realizing high-tunability co-fired VTIs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science