Block copolymers form a variety of microphase morphologies due to their ability to phase separate. The hexagonally perforated lamellar (HPL) morphology represents an unusually long-lived, nonequilibrium transient structure between lamellar and cylindrical phases. We present a detailed study of a concentrated, HPL-forming poly(styrene-b-isoprene) diblock copolymer solution in toluene in the presence of an electric field. We will show that this phase is readily aligned by a moderate electric field and provide experimental evidence for an electric-field-induced order-order transition toward the lamellar phase under sufficiently strong fields. This process is shown to be fully reversible as lamellar perforations reconnect immediately upon secession of the external stimulus, recovering highly aligned perforated lamellae.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry