Electro-elastic modeling of a dielectric elastomer diaphragm for a prosthetic blood pump

Nakhiah Goulbourne, Mary Frecker, Eric Mockensturm

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


A dielectric elastomer diaphragm is to be designed for potential use in a prosthetic blood pump. Application of an electric field deforms the membrane such that it moves from an initially flat configuration to an inflated state. This motion creates positive displacement of blood from the cardiac chambers thus mimicking the pump-like behavior of the natural heart. A comprehensive large deformation model accounting for the combined dielectric and elastic effect has been formulated. This paper presents recent developments in the model to further incorporate the entire nonlinear range of material elastic behavior and to more accurately represent the applied electric field by keeping the voltage constant as the membrane thickness decreases. The updated model is used to calculate the effects of varying system parameters such as pressure, voltage, prestretch, material constants, and membrane geometry. Analytical results are obtained for biaxially stretched 3M VHB 4905 polyacrylate films.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-133
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2004
EventSmart Structures and Materials 2004 - Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) - San Diego, CA, United Kingdom
Duration: Mar 15 2004Mar 18 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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