Electrocaloric cooling - From materials to devices

Xin Chen, Vladimir V. Shvartsman, Doru C. Lupascu, Q. M. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


More than a decade of active electrocaloric (EC) material research has produced several EC materials that exhibit a giant electrocaloric effect (ECE) at high electric fields, which is assured by direct measurement. These EC materials have enabled the demonstration of EC cooling devices, which exhibit temperature lifts of more than 10 K. These research and development efforts have revealed the critical importance of electrical breakdown, which is common in all electric and dielectric materials and devices under high voltages and electric fields. In general, the electric field for reliable device operation of dielectrics has to be less than 25% of the typical electric breakdown strength. To realize EC cooling devices with competitive performance requires advanced EC materials that generate large ECE (ΔT > 5 K) under these low electric fields. Double-bond (DB) defect modified P(VDF-TrFE-CFE) relaxor polymers, as reported recently, generate large ECE under low electric fields without any fatigue effects even after 1 × 106 field cycles. These relaxor ferroelectrics promise to meet the application challenge. A closely coupled experimental and theoretical study of EC materials will undoubtedly lead to advanced EC materials that generate large ECE at low electric fields beyond the DB modified relaxor polymers. This will result in practical and high-performance EC coolers, which are environmentally benign, compressor-free, and highly efficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number240901
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 28 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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